Water properties still a scientific challenge after 100 years of research

A review article co-authored by Ing. Jan Hrubý, CSc. from the Institute of Thermomechanics of the CAS, was selected for the cover of Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, published by AIP Publishing for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

The review presents the state of knowledge of the thermophysical properties of water in all its phases and the reference formulations that provide standardized, recommended values of these properties for science and industry. The main focus is the standard formulations adopted by the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS), but some properties are covered for which IAPWS has not yet adopted recommendations. Additional topics include properties of heavy water and seawater and the growing ability of molecular modeling to provide properties at conditions where experimental measurements are difficult or inaccurate.

The authors conclude that despite many advances over the last 100 years, there is still room for improvement in the description of water properties.

Original journal article